Chemical Storage Tank Scrubbers Remove Venting Fumes

Chemicals stored in a tank typically don’t just sit dormant, waiting to be used. They produce inorganic fumes and gases that must be vented out to prevent the tank from collapsing or rupturing. Often, these fumes and gases are hazardous and can’t be released directly into the atmosphere, however. They first must be “scrubbed” of the dangerous chemicals they contain.

That is exactly what Tri-Mer Corp.’s chemical storage tank (CST) scrubbers are designed to do: handle fumes from the venting of bulk storage tanks, as well as the off-gases vented during tank filling, and reduce emissions of hazardous and/or corrosive vapors into the air.

“Systems can be designed for continuous or batch operation, such as during the transfer of chemical from tanker to bulk storage tank,” says Asa Halliday, sales engineer with Tri-Mer.

The packed-bed venting scrubbers use the company’s Tri-Packs tower packing media, which features distinctively shaped ribs, struts and drip rods designed to provide maximum surface contact between the gases and the scrubbing liquid, optimizing scrubbing efficiency and minimizing the depth of packing needed for effective operation.

“This shaping allows for superior wetting characteristics, low pressure drop and the ability to maintain uniform liquid distribution throughout the bed,” Halliday says.

And because there are no flat surfaces or minute openings in the packing media to harbor particulate, Tri-Packs also is said to significantly reduce clogging. Puddling also is reduced, because the packing is free of corners and valleys, and minimizes liquid flow down the wall surfaces. The tower packing also is designed to prevent dry spots and compression interlock, which are common to traditional packing media. Both conditions cause liquid and air channeling and diminish the efficiency of the scrubber, Halliday says.

“Efficiency requirements vary based on the regulatory agency and type of contaminant, however performance guarantees of greater than 99 percent removal are common,” he says.

Tri-Packs tower packing is available in four sizes in a variety of resins, including polypropylene, Kynar and glass-filled polypropylene. The CST scrubbers are constructed of polypropylene for most applications, although optional materials including high-alloy metals such as stainless and Hastelloy also are available. They can be installed indoors or out.

Systems can be engineered to the application, in airflow capacities of 200 to 50,000 acfm. According to Tri-Mer, factors that impact system design include the concentration of the acid or alkali in the tank; the type (pumped or pneumatic) and rate of transfer (air flow); whether there is tank breathing; the diameter, length and configuration of the transfer line; the pressure rating of the storage tank; the size of the vent; and whether scrubbing is continuous or batch.

Three configurations of CST scrubbers are available: single scrubber/single tank, multiple tank/multiple contaminants ducting to a single scrubber, and “emergency-release,” which is primarily for contaminants such as ammonia and chlorine in the event that a processing or storage room becomes compromised.

The scrubbers can be configured as standalone equipment with mechanical instrumentation or with control panels including monitoring systems, user interfaces, and alarms.
Tri-Mer Corp.  |  Owosso, Michigan  |  989-723-7838  |

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